Bassai - UMAA - United Martial Arts Academy

BASSAI
발새대
(Selection of the Best Movements)


This is the tenth form in the Tang Soo Do system, and the longer, or greater, of the two “Bassai” forms.  Meaning "selection of the best choice".  Although its exact origin is unknown, this form is thought to have been created in the mid to late 16th century in the Southern So Rim (Shaolin) temple in China, based upon exercise routines known as Ba Ji Ch'uan.  According to oral tradition, these consisted of two forms, Ba Ji Xiao, and Ba Ji Da. These forms may or may not be related to the Tang Soo Do versions of Bassai that we practice today. The form as we know it was introduced to Okinawa during the late1800's by Matsumura Sokon (Bushi Matsumura), an Okinawan Kara-te Master from Tomari City, Okinawa.  Like the other forms of Okinawan origins, this form was studied by Hwang Kee from Japanese texts, and from his training with Lee, Won Kuk, a Korean master who studied Japanese Kara-te in Japan.  The form focuses on multiple attackers from different directions, and is performed very rapidly and sharply. This form contains 52 movements.
Jhoon Bee

  1. Extend both open hands downward to the sides of the body with the palms facing outward.  Slowly, extend both arms upward and inward in a circular motion, while raising the left knee to waist level.  Bring the hands together in front of the chest, making a fist with the right hand, and covering it with the left open hand.  Slowly press both hands downward in front of the groin, while stepping down with the left foot next to the right foot.
  1. Slowly, rise onto the balls of the feet, and rotate the body 90o counterclockwise.  Begin to lean the body to the right, and hop forward, landing in a tripod stance with the right foot in front of the left foot.  Execute a vertical backfist strike with the right hand.  The left open hand should be placed along the inside of the right forearm, with the fingers at the base of the right wrist.
  1. Turn counterclockwise, 180o, stepping out with the left foot into a front stance.  Execute an inside-outside block with the left hand, immediately followed by a reverse inside-outside block with the right hand.
  1. Turn clockwise 180o moving the right foot, into a right foot forward front stance. Execute a reverse outside-inside block with the left hand, followed immediately by an inside-outside block with the right hand.
  1. Cross the arms, bringing the right fist to the left shoulder, and the left fist to the right hip.  Next, raise the right knee to waist level, and sharply bring the right fist downward in a backfist motion, bringing the right fist on the outside of the right knee.
  1. Then, twist 90o clockwise, and step down with the right foot into a front stance. Execute a right outside-inside block, followed immediately by a left reverse inside-outside block.
  1. Slide the left foot back while turning the body counterclockwise 90o into a horse stance.  Bring both hands to the right side in a chambered position, with the left arm parallel to the ground.
  1. Cross the arms, bringing the left open hand to the right shoulder, and the right fist to left hip.  Maintaining the same stance, execute an inside-outside knife hand strike with the left hand, bringing the right hand back to a chambered position.  Then, immediately execute a center punch with the right hand, followed by a right inside-outside block.  Next, execute a left center punch, followed by a left inside-outside block.  These movements are performed very quickly.
  1. Bring both open hands to the left side of the body, while stepping across with the left foot, and turning the body counterclockwise 90o.  Next, step out with the right foot, into a right foot forward back stance and execute a two hand center knife hand block.
  1. Step forward with the left foot into a back stance.  Execute a left two hand center knife hand block.  The body should face the opposite direction from the previous movement.
  1. Step forward with the right foot into a right foot forward back stance, and execute a right two hand center knife hand block.  Next, bring the left open hand across to the right shoulder.  Step back with the right foot, into a left foot forward back stance, and execute a left two hand center knife hand block.
  1. Twist the body 180o counterclockwise, while stepping forward with the right foot into a tripod stance.  The left foot leg should be in front of the right leg.  At the same time, bring both hands upwards in a blocking motion.  The right open hand should perform a high knife hand block, and the left hand should grasp the back of the right hand, so that both palms are facing outward.
  1. Next, bring the right leg up into a side kick chambered position, and execute a center side kick.  Kihap.  Both hands should be brought back to the  left hip during this movement.  Step down with the right foot while turning the body to the left, ending in a left foot forward back stance.  Execute a center two hand knife hand block.
  1. Step forward with the right foot into a back stance, and execute a center two hand knife hand block.
  1. Slide the right foot back, bringing the feet together, while bending the knees slightly.  Sweep the hands inward and upward, performing simultaneous high blocks with both hands.
  1. While maintaining the same position, bring both elbows down sharply at a 45o angle.  Then, step forward with the right leg into a front stance, and execute simultaneous outside-inside hammerfist strikes.  The palms of both hands should be facing upward, and the forearms should be parallel with the ground. 
  1. Shuffle forward, maintaining a right foot forward front stance, and execute a right center punch.  Kihap.
  1. Twist the body 180o counterclockwise, picking up the left foot, and executing a low block with the left hand.  Step down with the left foot into a front stance, executing a low horizontal spearhand strike with the right hand.  The left fist should be brought to the right shoulder.  Next, slide back with the left foot into a back stance, while simultaneously executing a low side block with the left hand and a high side inside-outside block with the right hand.  The right hand should be behind the head.
  1. Maintain the same hand position, while bringing the left foot back with the feet together.
  1. Twist the body 90o counterclockwise, executing an outside-inside block with the right hand.  Next, execute an outside-inside crescent kick with the right leg, and turn the body 90o counterclockwise, stepping down with the right leg into a horse stance.  As your foot lands, execute a side low block with the right hand.  Then, immediately bring the  left hand across the body to the right hip, and execute a backhand strike to the left side with the left open hand.  The right hand should be brought back to a chambered position.
  1. Leaving the left hand out, twist the body 90o counterclockwise, executing an outside-inside crescent kick.  The bottom of the foot should strike the left open hand.  Then, continue turning 90o counterclockwise, stepping down with the right foot into a horse stance.  As the right foot lands, execute a forearm strike with the right arm, striking the left open hand, in front of the body.  The right arm should then immediately be brought downward in a low block position, and the left fist should be brought to the right shoulder.
  1. Maintaining the same stance, switch hands, bringing the left hand downward in a low block motion, and bring the right fist to the left shoulder. Then, switch hands again, bringing the right hand downward in a low block and the left fist to the right shoulder.  Then twist the body 90o clockwise, into a right foot forward front stance, and bring both hands into a preparatory position at the left hip.
  1. Maintain the same stance as in the previous movement.  Simultaneously execute a high reverse punch with the left hand, and a low inverted punch with the right hand.
  1. Step back with the right foot, bringing both feet together.  At the same time, bring both hands back to the left hip in a preparatory position.  Next, switch hands, bringing both hands to the right side in a preparatory position.
  1. Execute an outside-inside crescent kick with the left leg, and step forward with the left foot into a front stance.  Simultaneously execute a high reverse punch with the right hand, and a low inverted punch with the left hand.
  1. Bring the left foot back, bringing the feet together.  Bring both hands to the right hip in a preparatory position.  Next, switch hands, bringing both hands across to the left side.
  1. Execute an outside-inside crescent kick with the right leg, and step forward ending in a right foot forward front stance.  Execute a high reverse punch with the left hand, and a low inverted punch with the right hand simultaneously.
  1. Move the left foot, turning 270o counterclockwise ending in a low front stance with the left foot forward.  The right knee should be bent, and the knee should be about 1” off the ground.  Execute a side inside-outside block with the right hand.  The right forearm should be parallel with the ground.  Next, quickly shift your stance, turning 180o clockwise, and ending up in the same stance on the opposite side with the right foot forward.  Execute a side inside-outside block with the left hand as in the previous movement.
  1. Step across with the left foot, and step out with the right foot, turning 90o counterclockwise, into a right foot forward back stance.  Execute a two hand center knife hand block.
  1. Pick up the right foot and turn 90o clockwise, into a right foot forward back stance.  Execute a two hand center knife hand block.
  1. Step across the left foot with the right foot into a tripod stance, and then step out with the left foot into a left foot forward back stance.  Execute a two hand center knife hand block.  Kihap.
  1. Step back with the left foot, raising the left knee, and turning the body 90o counterclockwise, in the same position as the beginning of the form.  Extend both palms outward, and bring the hands together in front of the chest, with the left open hand covering the right fist.  Extend both hands downward in front of the groin area, into the Bassai Chunbi position, while stepping down with the left foot, bringing the feet together.  This is the same position as the beginning of the form.